Mycoplasma pneumoniae – A National Public Health Perspective

Author(s): Jonas M. Winchell.

Journal Name:Current Pediatric Reviews

Volume 9 , Issue 4 , 2013

Abstract:

A worldwide cause of atypical bacterial pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae affects all populations and age groups and is especially common in young adults and children. In the United States alone, M. pneumoniae causes up to 40% of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) cases in some populations and is characterized by relatively long incubation periods and a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms and disease manifestations. The varied presentation and limited diagnostic methods available present unique challenges for accurately identifying M. pneumoniae cases, which can lead to inappropriate treatment of patients and/or an ineffective (or nonexistent) public health response to outbreaks. Recent advancements in diagnostics, laboratory techniques, and whole genome sequence information are addressing these issues. Newly developed and highly innovative approaches and techniques have allowed for unprecedented characterization of this organism and have led to improved awareness of many facets of M. pneumoniae. Still, considerable challenges remain for gaining a comprehensive understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of this organism. Lack of standardized and reliable diagnostic tests for use in clinical laboratories and in state and local public health laboratories continues to impede efficient detection of clusters and outbreaks. Clear recommendations for outbreak control are also lacking. Worldwide emergence of macrolide resistance is a particular area of concern facing physicians who seek safe and effective alternative treatment regimens, especially for children. This review summarizes the current state of understanding of the many aspects surrounding M. pneumoniae infection and addresses outstanding domestic issues still confronting public health. A unique prospective and overview of the many features involved in conducting an outbreak investigation and effective public health response is also reported.

Keywords: Atypical bacterial pneumonia, CAP, epidemiology, Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2013
Page: [324 - 333]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/15733963113099990009
Price: $58