Vildagliptin Restores Renal Myogenic Function and Attenuates Renal Sclerosis Independently of Effects on Blood Glucose or Proteinuria in Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rat

Author(s): Peter Vavrinec, Robert H. Henning, Sjoerd W. Landheer, Yumei Wang, Leo E. Deelman, Richard P.E. van Dokkum, Hendrik Buikema.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 12 , Issue 6 , 2014

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Abstract:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is associated with a decrease in renal myogenic tone - part of renal autoregulatory mechanisms. Novel class of drugs used for the treatment of T2DM, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, have protective effects on the cardiovascular system. A Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rat is an animal model of T2DM that displays progressive nephropathy in which inflammation leads to initiation of renal fibrosis and CKD. We hypothesized that CKD in the ZDF rat is related to decrease in myogenic constriction (MC) of intrarenal arteries and that treatment with the DPP-4 inhibitor, vildagliptin, prevents such changes. Renal arteries isolated from 25 weeks old lean, ZDF and ZDF treated with vildagliptin (n=7 in each group) were transferred to an arteriograph to assess agonist and pressure induced contractile responses. Furthermore, blood glucose, proteinuria, focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) and p22phox mRNA expression of renal tissue were measured. Compared to lean controls, ZDF had significantly increased plasma glucose and cholesterol levels, focal glomerulosclerosis and interstitial α-SMA expression, and urinary protein excretion. ZDF rats also had impaired MC of renal arteries and increased renal p22phox expression. Vildagliptin did not affect plasma glucose levels or proteinuria, but effectively decreased glomerulosclerosis and restored MC and p22phox expression to the levels found in lean rats. Based on these data, it can be suggested that vildagliptin treatment protects diabetic rats from the loss of renal vascular reactivity and the development of glomerulosclerosis perhaps secondary to a reduction in oxidative stress.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, DPP-IV inhibitors, glomerulosclerosis, glucagon-like peptide-1, myogenic constriction, oxidative stress, type 2 diabetes melitus, ZDF rat.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2014
Page: [836 - 844]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/15701611113116660151
Price: $58

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