Medicinal Chemistry

Atta-ur-Rahman  
Honorary Life Fellow
Kings College
University of Cambridge
Cambridge
UK
Email: mc@benthamscience.org

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Synthesis and Dual D2 and 5-HT1A Receptor Binding Affinities of 7-piperazinyl and 7-piperidinyl-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-ones

Author(s): Nisar Ullah

Affiliation: Chemistry Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran-31261, Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: D2 receptor, 5-HT1A receptor, 7-Piperazinyl and piperidinyl-3, 4-dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-ones, Schizophrenia, Structure-activity relationship.

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

A series of new 7-piperazinyl and 7-piperidinyl-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-ones has been synthesized. The described compounds are structurally related to adoprazine, a potential atypical antipsychotic bearing potent D2 receptor antagonist and 5-HT1A receptor agonist properties. Suitably modified aryl bromides were prepared and condensed with tert-butyl piperazine-1-carboxylate to afford the advanced intermediate piperazinyl-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-one. Likewise Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction of cyclic vinyl boronate with appropriate aryl bromides rendered piperidinyl-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-one. The reductive amination of the piperazinyl and piperidinyl-3,4- dihydroquinazolin-2(1H)-ones with suitably designed biarylaldehydes accomplished the synthesis of these title compounds. The described compounds were screened for D2 and 5-HT1A receptors binding affinities. The structure-activity relationship studies revealed that cyclopentenylpyridine and cyclopentenylbenzyl groups contribute significantly to the dual D2 and 5-HT1A receptor binding affinities of these compounds.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 5
Page: [484 - 496]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/15734064113096660046