Current Drug Delivery

Istvan Toth
School of Pharmacy,University of Queensland
Brisbane, 4072
Australia

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New Insights into the Diagnosis and Chemotheraphy for Visceral Leishmaniasis

Author(s): V. Dinesh Kumar, Priya Ranjan Prasad Verma and Sandeep Kumar Singh

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkand-835215, India.

Keywords: AIDS, Protozoan parasites, Visceral leishmaniasis.

Abstract:

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe form of leishmaniasis - a disease caused by protozoan parasites and transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly. In VL, parasites migrate to the vital organs and bone marrow, destroying white and red blood cells. VL has been called the parasitic version of HIV/AIDs (Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), as it attacks the immune system. The most common form of the disease is cutaneous leishmaniasis, which causes skin lesions and often leaves the infected individual permanently disfigured. Even though the disease is treatable, current treatments are difficult to administer, too expensive, or toxic for extensive use in developing nations. Furthermore, resistance to treatment is an increasing problem, particularly in India. 90% of people with VL die if the infection is left untreated, and death can come within 2 years, significantly faster than AIDS. The search for new drugs continues, with new chemical and natural compounds. Many potential drug targets have been identified in biochemical and molecular studies, and some have been validated. Attempts to exploit these targets are in progress. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical features, control Strategies, diagnosis and current treatment about visceral leishmaniasis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Page: [200 - 213]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/15672018113106660057