Human Clinical Studies of Tea Polyphenols in Allergy or Life Style-related Diseases

Author(s): Mari Maeda-Yamamoto.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 19 , Issue 34 , 2013

Abstract:

Many previous epidemiological studies have revealed that green tea or green tea catechins contributed to the preveintion of lifestyle-related diseases. Several cohort studies on the relationship between green tea consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk/type 2 diabetes mellitus risk have been conducted. The results showed that green tea consumption (5 or more cups/day) was inversely associated with mortality from CVD and all causes. Within CVD mortality, the strongest inverse association was observed for stroke mortality. Furthermore, consumption of green tea, coffee, and total caffeine was associated with a reduced risk for type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, the analysis of randomized clinical trial (RCT) studies showed that the administration of green tea beverages or extracts resulted in significant reductions in serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations, but had no apparent effect on HDL-cholesterol. Green tea reduced fasting blood glucose levels in a small intervention trial, although no improvements in HbA1c levels were seen. Continuous intake of green tea containing catechins and caffeine (5 or more cups per day) may be beneficial for body weight management, vascular disease risk reduction via LDL-cholesterol improvement, and type 2 diabetes risk reduction through the lowering of fasting blood glucose levels.

Epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl) gallate (EGCG3”Me) isolated from cv. “Benifuuki” green tea has been shown to strongly inhibit mast cell activation and histamine release after FcepsilonRI cross-linking through the suppression of tyrosine phosphorylation (Lyn) of cellular protein kinase, and the suppression of myosin light chain phosphorylation and high-affinity IgE receptor expression via the binding to 67 kDa laminin receptors. A double-blind clinical study on subjects with Japanese cedar pollinosis was carried out. At the eleventh week after starting intake, which was coincident with the most severe period of cedar pollen-scattering, symptoms such as nose blowing and eye itching were significantly relieved in the Benifuuki group compared with the placebo group. Six weeks of intake of Benifuuki green tea containing O-methylated catechins was useful for reducing some of the symptoms derived from Japanese cedar pollinosis, and did not affect any of the normal immune responses in the subjects with Japanese cedar pollinosis. Based on an investigation into the effects of the cultivars, tea seasons of crops and manufacturing methods, it was concluded that green or semi-fermented tea made from fully-matured Benifuuki in the second crop season should be consumed.

Keywords: Tea, Catechin, Epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl) gallate, Allergy, Life Style-related Diseases.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 34
Year: 2013
Page: [6148 - 6155]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1381612811319340009
Price: $58

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