Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Siena
Italy

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Surfactant-Associated Proteins: Structure, Function and Clinical Implications

Author(s): Anastasia K. Ketko and Steven M. Donn

Affiliation: 8-621 C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, 1540 E. Hospital Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5254, USA.

Keywords: Deficiency, function, phospholipid, protein, pulmonary, structure, surfactant.

Abstract:

Surfactant replacement therapy is now the standard of care for infants with respiratory distress syndrome. As the understanding of surfactant structure and function has evolved, surfactant-associated proteins are now understood to be essential components of pulmonary surfactant. Their structural and functional diversity detail the complexity of their contributions to normal pulmonary physiology, and deficiency states result in significant pathology. Engineering synthetic surfactant protein constructs has been a major research focus for replacement therapies. This review highlights what is known about surfactant proteins and how this knowledge is pivotal for future advancements in treating respiratory distress syndrome as well as other pulmonary diseases characterized by surfactant deficiency or inactivation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 2
Page: [162 - 167]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/157339631130900006