An Overview of the Pharmacokinetics of Polymer-Based Nanoassemblies and Nanoparticles

Author(s): Qing-He Zhao, Li-Yan Qiu.

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 14 , Issue 8 , 2013

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Abstract:

Advancements in the design and synthesis of polymer-based nanoassemblies and nanoparticles, combined with achievements in nanotechnology and medicine, have resulted in remarkable applications of polymer nanosystems in the areas of nanomedicine and pharmaceutical sciences. However, a complete understanding of the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination (ADME) processes of such polymer nanosystems in living systems has not been achieved. The influences of the pharmacokinetic parameters of polymer nanomaterials on the ADME processes are reviewed in this article, with discussions of the absorption and transportation of polymer nanoparticles across biological barriers, the factors affecting the bodily distribution of polymer nanocarriers, the transformation of polymer nanomaterials in vivo, the elimination pathway of polymer nanoparticles from biological systems, and perspectives of future pharmacokinetics and safety investigations of polymer-based nanoassemblies. A full and better understanding of the pharmacokinetic parameters of polymer-based nanomaterials is of vital importance in developing polymer nanosystems with optimal pharmacokinetics and biological safety for applications in nanomedicine and the pharmaceutical industry.

Keywords: Absorption, distribution, elimination, metabolism, nanomedicine, pharmacokinetics, polymer nanoparticles.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2013
Page: [832 - 839]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/138920021131400104
Price: $58

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