Objective: To assess data published from 2000 to 2010 on the effect of infertility on the sexual function of men
and women. Data Sources: The PubMed, Lilacs and Embase databases were searched for scientific articles assessing the
sexual response of couples during infertility treatment. Study Selection: Studies selected for this review were published in
English and conducted in human beings; articles included meta-analyses and cross-sectional or cohort studies that used
objective measurement tools to quantitatively assess the data. Data Extraction: Seven studies met the inclusion criteria for
this review. Data Synthesis: Infertility is a major risk factor for sexual problems in both men and women. Conclusion: Infertile
couples are at higher risk of sexual dysfunction than fertile couples. We also describe several recent patents.
Keywords: Female infertility, infertility, men infertility, pregnancy, sexual dysfunction, sexuality.
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