In Silico Stereo-Electronic Analysis of PMD (p-Menthane-3-8-Diol) and its Derivatives for Pharmacophore Development May Aid Discovery of Novel Insect Repellents

Author(s): Apurba K. Bhattacharjee.

Journal Name: Current Computer-Aided Drug Design

Volume 9 , Issue 3 , 2013

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Abstract:

PMD (p-menthane-3-8-diol) is an insect repellent that can be synthesized chemically or derived from a steam distillate residue of the leaves of lemon eucalyptus, Corymbia citriodora. It is one of the few natural product endorsed by the Center for Disease Control (USA) for topical application to protect against mosquitoes though it is not as effective as the common repellent DEET (N,N -diethyl-1,3-toluamide). However, DEET has several undesirable side effects and toxicity too. Thus, although PMDs are comparatively safer than DEET, no quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and pharmacophore modeling studies have been reported in literature to improve efficacy and aid further development of more effective PMD analogues. In this study, we report results of quantum chemical analysis of stereoelectronic properties and pharmacophore modeling of PMD and eight of its synthetic derivatives to aid discovery and design of more effective PMD analogues. Stereo-electronic analysis indicates that lower aqueous stabilization (favorable lipophilicity) and larger separation of electrostatic potential energy together with a large localized negative electrostatic potential region by the oxygen atom play important roles for repellent activity. Consistent to these properties, the generated pharmacophore model of the PMDs showed two aliphatic hydrophobic and a hydrogen-bond donor features for potent activity. These results aided us to design more effective PMD repellents which are currently under further investigations.

Keywords: In silico pharmacophore modeling, molecular electrostatic potentials (MEPs), PMDs, quantum chemical calculations, stereo-electronic properties.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as


Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [308 - 316]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/15734099113099990021
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 13