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CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - CNS & Neurological Disorders)
ISSN (Print): 1871-5273
ISSN (Online): 1996-3181
Epub Full Text Article
DOI: 10.2174/18715273113129990105      Price:  $95









Computational Analysis of TRAPPC9: Candidate Gene for Autosomal Recessive Non-Syndromic Mental Retardation

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Author(s): Khattak NA and A Mir
Abstract:
Mental retardation (MR)/ intellectual disability (ID) is a neuro-developmental disorder characterized by a low intellectual quotient (IQ) and deficits in adaptive behavior related to everyday life tasks such as delayed language acquisition, social skills or self-help skills with onset before age 18. To date, a few genes (PRSS12, CRBN, CC2D1A, GRIK2, TUSC3, TRAPPC9, TECR, ST3GAL3, MED23, MAN1B1, NSUN1) for autosomal-recessive forms of non syndromic MR (NS-ARMR) have been identified and established in various families with ID. The recently reported candidate gene TRAPPC9 was selected for computational analysis to explore its potentially important role in pathology as it is the only gene for ID reported in more than five different familial cases worldwide.

YASARA (12.4.1) was utilized to generate three dimensional structures of the candidate gene TRAPPC9. Hybrid structure prediction was employed. Crystal Structure of a Conserved Metalloprotein from Bacillus Cereus (3D19-C) was selected as best suitable template using position-specific iteration-BLAST. Template (3D19-C) parameters were based on E-value, Z-score and resolution and quality score of 0.32-1.152, 2.30 °A and 0.684 respectively. Model reliability showed 93.1% residues placed in the most favored region with 96.684 quality factor, and overall 0.20 G-factor (dihedrals 0.06 and covalent 0.39 respectively). Protein-Protein docking analysis demonstrated that TRAPPC9 showed strong interactions of the amino acid residues S253, S251, Y256, G243, D131 with R105, Q425, W226, N225, S233, its functional partner 1KBKB.

Protein-protein interacting residues could facilitate the exploration of structural and functional outcomes of wild type and mutated TRAPCC9 protein. Actively involved residues can be used to elucidate the binding properties of the protein, and to develop drug therapy for NS-ARMR patients

Keywords:
Mental Retardation, Structure Prediction, Protein-Protein docking, TRAPPC9, IQ, MODELLER, PatchDock, FireDock, IKBKB
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, 46300, Pakistan.