Suicide is a major public health concern and each year about one million people die by suicide worldwide.
Recent studies suggest that suicide may be associated with specific neurobiological abnormalities. Earlier studies of
neurobiology of suicide focused on abnormalities of the serotonergic mechanism. These studies suggested that some
serotonin receptor subtypes may be abnormal in the postmortem brain of suicide victims. Since these receptors are linked
to signal transduction pathways, abnormalities of signaling mechanisms have been recently studied in the postmortem
brain of suicide victims. Of particular interest is the 5-hydroxytryptamine2A receptor-linked phosphoinositide signaling
system. Several studies have focused on the abnormalities on the component of this signaling system and these studies
suggest the abnormalities of G proteins, the effectors phospholipase C and the second or the third messenger systems,
such as protein kinase A. Further studies revealed abnormalities in the downstream transcription factors such as the cyclic
AMP response element binding protein and some of the targeted genes of these transcription factors. The most important
gene in this aspect which has been studied in the suicide is the brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Here we critically review
the studies focusing on these components of the phosphoinositide signaling system in the postmortem brain of both adult
and teenage suicide victims. These studies provide a better understanding of the signal transduction abnormalities in
suicide focusing on the phosphoinositide signaling pathway. These studies may lead to new therapeutic agents targeting
specific sites in this signaling cascade.
Keywords: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, cyclic AMP response element binding protein, 5-hydroxytryptamine2A receptor,
phosphoinosited signaling, protein kinase A, protein kinase C, postmortem brain, suicide.
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