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Investigation of Formulation and Process Parameters for the Production of Esomeprazole Nanosuspension by Anti Solvent Precipitation Ultasonication Technique

Author(s): Vijay Agarwal, Meenakshi Bajpai.

Abstract:

This work focuses on the identification and optimization of formulation and process variables affecting the characteristics of nanosuspension, using the Esomeprazole magnesium as a drug candidate. Formulation factors evaluated were ratio of stabilizers to drug and ratio of anti-solvent to solvent, whereas process parameters were ultrasonication time, power input, stirring speed and process temperature effect. The test revealed that ratio of the stabilizer to drug and ratio of anti-solvent to solvent has the significant effect on zeta potential and particle size, whereas different process parameters have significant effect on the particle size and their distribution. In this study, nanosuspension having the particles as small as 132 (± 20.2) nm was produced by anti solvent precipitation-ultrasonication method. The zeta potential and PDI (poly dispersity index) of optimized batch were -25.5 (± 2.5) mV and 0.474 (± 0.086), respectively. The formulated nanosuspension has shown a faster dissolution profile (100% in 60 min), relative to that of micronized esomeprazole suspension (23.6% in 60 min), mainly due to presence of nanosized particle. The aged nanosuspension exhibited the increase in particle size from 132 to 187 nm, when it was stored at 25°C/75% relative humidity for six months. Graphically, the aged nanosuspension also showed the lower release rate than the fresh nanosuspension. However, statistically there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in rate of release of aged nanosuspension compared with the fresh nanosuspension.

Keywords: Screening of stabilizing agent, process parameters, nanosuspension, Aging studies, selection of organic solvent.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2013
Page: [773 - 779]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/15734137113099990079
Price: $58