Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Joseph Varon  
The University of Texas Health Science Center
Houston, TX


Using Xpert MTB/RIF

Author(s): Mark P. Nicol, Andrew Whitelaw, Wendy Stevens.


Xpert MTB/RIF is an automated real-time polymerase chain reaction test for simultaneous detection of tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance. Xpert MTB/RIF has demonstrated excellent accuracy in clinical evaluation studies, but has reduced sensitivity for detection of smear-negative tuberculosis. Since sample processing and detection are largely automated, Xpert MTB/RIF is potentially suitable for implementation in resource-limited settings. There are, however, a number of practical constraints to the use of Xpert at the point-of-care. Xpert remains a relatively costly test, and clear demonstration of cost-effectiveness will be needed to support efforts to scale up testing in high burden countries.

Keywords: Cost-effectiveness, detection, diagnosis, rifampicin, tuberculosis, Xpert MTB/RIF.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [187 - 192]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573398X113099990015