Late gadolinium enhancement is a useful tool for scar detection, based on differences in the volume of distribution
of gadolinium, an extracellular agent. The presence of fibrosis in the myocardium amenable to be detected with late
gadolinium enhancement MRI is found not only in ischemic cardiomyopathy, in which it offers information regarding viability
and prognosis, but also in a wide variety of non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. In the following review we will discuss
the methodological aspects of gadolinium-based imaging, as well as its applications and anticipated future developments.
Keywords: Cardiac, late gadolinium enhancement, magnetic resonance imaging, CMR, viability.
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