Functionalization and Polymerization on the CNT Surfaces

Author(s): Julio Albuerne , Christian Zenkel , Selvaraj Munirasu .

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 17 , Issue 17 , 2013

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Abstract:

In this review we focus on the current status of using carbon nanotube (CNT) as a filler for polymer nanocomposites. Starting with the historical background of CNT, its distinct properties and the surface functionalization of the nanotube, the three different surface polymerization techniques, namely grafting “from”, “to” and “through/in between” were discussed. Wider focus has been given on “grafting from” surface initiated polymerizations, including atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), reversible addition fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) Polymerization, nitroxide mediated polymerization (NMP), ring opening polymerization (ROP) and other miscellaneous polymerization methods. The grafting “to” and “through / in between” also discussed and compared with grafting from polymerization. The merits and shortcomings of all three grafting methods were discussed and the bottleneck issue in grafting from method has been highlighted. Furthermore the current and potential future industrial applications were deliberated. Finally the toxicity issue of CNTs in the final product has been reviewed with the limited available literature knowledge.

Keywords: Carbon nano tubes, Controlled radical polymerizations, Functionalization, Grafting from, Grafting to, Grafting through, Nanocomposite.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 17
Year: 2013
Page: [1867 - 1879]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/13852728113179990088
Price: $58

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