Liquefaction of Pinewood in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCCO2)

Author(s): Yun Wang , Hui Wang , Hongfei Lin , Andre Pelletier , Ying Zheng , Kecheng Li .

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 17 , Issue 15 , 2013

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Abstract:

Liquefaction of lignocellulosic biomass is a promising process to produce liquid biofuels and valuable chemicals. The main purpose of this work is to efficiently liquefy biomass into energy-dense bio-oils through direct liquefaction. Pinewood sawdust was liquefied in supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) at various temperatures (225-375°C) and residence time (0-4 hours) with alkaline catalyst (K2CO3). The results showed that the yield of bio-oils varied from 12 wt% to 29 wt% under various conditions. The optimal parameters for SCCO2 liquefaction were 300°C and 2 hours in this study, which generated the maximum bio-oil yield 29 wt%. The effects of temperature and residence time on SCCO2 liquefaction process were discussed. Multiple analytical methods such as GC-MS, FT-IR and elemental analyzer were applied to study the compositions and properties of liquid bio-oils.

Keywords: Bio-oils, Biomass, Liquefaction, Supercritical carbon dioxide.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 15
Year: 2013
Page: [1596 - 1603]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/13852728113179990069
Price: $58

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