Time Perception Distortion in Neuropsychiatric and Neurological Disorders

Author(s): Silmar Teixeira, Sergio Machado, Flavia Paes, Bruna Velasques, Julio Guilherme Silva, Antonio L. Sanfim, Daniel Minc, Renato Anghinah, Luciano L. Menegaldo, Mohamed Salama, Mauricio Cagy, Antonio E. Nardi, Ernst Poppel, Yan Bao, Elzbieta Szelag, Pedro Ribeiro, Oscar Arias-Carrion.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 12 , Issue 5 , 2013

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Abstract:

There is no sense organ specifically dedicated to time perception, as there is for other senses such as hearing and vision. However, this subjective sense of time is fundamental to our conception of reality and it creates the temporal course of events in our lives. Here, we explored neurobiological relations from the clinical perspective, examining timing ability in patients with different neurological and psychiatric conditions (e.g. Parkinson’s disease, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia). The neural bases of present distortions in time perception and temporal information processing still remain poorly understood. We reviewed: a) how the brain is capable of encoding time in different environments and multiple tasks, b) different models of interval timing, c) brain structures and neurotransmitters associated with time perception, d) the relationship between memory and time perception, e) neural mechanisms underlying different theories in neural and mental processes, and f) the relationship between different mental diseases and time perception. Bibliographic research was conducted based on publications over the past thirteen years written in English in the databases Scielo, Pubmed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge. The time perceptions research are executed to evaluate time perception in mental diseases and can provide evidence for future clinical applications.

Keywords: Anxiety, mood, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, time perception, timing, interval-timing.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2013
Page: [567 - 582]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/18715273113129990080
Price: $58

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