The Role of Sympathetic Nervous System in the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease in the Era of Catheter Based Sympathetic Renal Denervation

Author(s): Dimitrios Petras, Konstantinos Koutroutsos, Athanasios Kordalis, Costas Tsioufis, Christodoulos Stefanadis.

Journal Name: Current Clinical Pharmacology

Volume 8 , Issue 3 , 2013

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Abstract:

The kidney has been shown to be critically involved as both trigger and target of sympathetic nervous system overactivity in both experimental and clinical studies. Renal injury and ischemia, activation of renin angiotensin system and dysfunction of nitric oxide system have been implicated in adrenergic activation from kidney. Conversely, several lines of evidence suggest that sympathetic overactivity, through functional and morphological alterations in renal physiology and structure, may contribute to kidney injury and chronic kidney disease progression. Pharmacologic modulation of sympathetic nervous system activity has been found to have a blood pressure independent renoprotective effect. The inadequate normalization of sympathoexcitation by pharmacologic treatment asks for novel treatment options. Catheter based renal denervation targets selectively both efferent and afferent renal nerves and functionally denervates the kidney providing blood pressure reduction in clinical trials and renoprotection in experimental models by ameliorating the effects of excessive renal sympathetic drive. This review will focus on the role of sympathetic overactivity in the pathogenesis of kidney injury and CKD progression and will speculate on the effect of renal denervation to these conditions.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease renal ablation, resistant hypertension.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [197 - 205]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/15748847113089990047
Price: $58

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