Antibacterial Efficacy of Abrus precatorius L. and Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson
N. Janakiraman, J. Jasmin Jansi, M. Johnson, M.I. Zahir Hussain and S. Jeeva
Affiliation: Centre for Plant Biotechnology, Department of Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology, St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), Palayamkottai-627 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
Keywords: Abrus precatorius, antibacterial, Asystasia gangetica, bioactivity, pathogens.
The present study was intended to reveal the antibacterial activity of various cold organic solvent extracts of
Abrus precatorius L. (Fabaceae) and Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) against the selected pathogens.
Powders of whole plant parts of A. precatorius and A. gangetica were extracted with petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform
and ethanol at ambient temperature. The dried extracts were tested for antibacterial activity by agar disc diffusion
method. Among the different extracts of A. precatorius, ethanolic extracts showed maximum zone of inhibition (21 mm)
against Bacillus subtilis followed by 13 mm against Staphylococcus aureus. Broadest spectrum of activity was exhibited
in petroleum ether extracts of A. precatorius against different bacterial pathogens (5/7 pathogens). In A. gangetica, benzene
extracts exhibited broadest spectrum of activity with the maximum level of inhibition (12 mm) against B. subtilis followed
by 11 mm in ethanolic extracts against Salmonella typhi. Petroleum ether extracts of A. gangetica did not show any
activity against the selected pathogens. The present study results clearly show that the extracts of A. precatorius and
A. gangetica had significant and considerable antibacterial activity against various pathogens and further evaluation is
necessary to find out the active principle compound responsible for bioactivity.
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