Current Alzheimer Research

Debomoy K. Lahiri  
Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine
Neuroscience Research Center
Indianapolis, IN 46202


The Usefulness of Amyloid Imaging in Predicting the Clinical Outcome After Two Years in Subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author(s): Timo Grimmer, Carolin Wutz, Alexander Drzezga, Stefan Förster, Hans Förstl, Marion Ortner, Robert Perneczky, Alexander Kurz.


Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a syndrome heterogeneous with regards to etiology and prognosis. Amyloid imaging enables to visualize a hallmark pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Therefore we aimed to assess the usefulness of [11C]PiB PET for predicting clinical outcome of MCI patients after an interval of 2 years.

Methods: In 28 MCI participants with a global CDR rating at baseline of 0.5 a baseline examination including clinical assessments and [11C]PiB PET imaging and a clinical follow-up examination after a planned interval of 24 months were performed. Predictive values and accuracy of amyloid-positive and negative scans for conversion to dementia of any type and to dementia due to AD were calculated and compared to neuropsychological tests and ApoE genotyping.

Results: Of 17 MCI patients who were amyloid-positive at baseline converted 9 to dementia all of the AD type. 3 of the 11 amyloid-negative MCI subjects converted to dementia but none to dementia due to AD. PPV, NPV and accuracy (to dementia: 0.53, 0.73 and 0.61; to AD: 0.53, 1.00 and 0.70) was comparable to neuropsychological tests and superior to ApoE genotyping.

Conclusion: All MCI subjects who converted to dementia due to AD were amyloid-positive. However, only 50% of these MCI due to AD, intermediate likelihood, patients developed manifest dementia due to AD after 24 months limiting the usefulness of [11C]PiB PET for individual prediction of clinical outcome.

Keywords: Mild cognitive impairment, positron emission tomography, pittsburgh compound b, prospective study, conversion.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [82 - 85]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1567205011310010011