Applications of Semiconductor Fabrication Methods to Nanomedicine: A Review of Recent Inventions and Techniques
Achanta Rajasekhar, Barjor Gimi and Walter Hu
Affiliation: Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson TX 75080, USA.
We live in a world of convergence where scientific techniques from a variety of seemingly disparate fields are
being applied cohesively to the study and solution of biomedical problems. For instance, the semiconductor processing
field has been primarily developed to cater to the needs of the ever decreasing transistor size and cost while increasing
functionality of electronic circuits. In recent years, pioneers in this field have equipped themselves with a powerful
understanding of how the same techniques can be applied in the biomedical field to develop new and efficient systems for
the diagnosis, analysis and treatment of various conditions in the human body. In this paper, we review the major
inventions and experimental methods which have been developed for nano/micro fluidic channels, nanoparticles
fabricated by top-down methods, and in-vivo nanoporous microcages for effective drug delivery. This paper focuses on
the information contained in patents as well as the corresponding technical publications. The goal of the paper is to help
emerging scientists understand and improvise over these inventions.
Keywords: Nanomedicine, nanofabrication, lithography, drug delivery, nanoparticle, nanochannels, cell encapsulation,
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