Cordycepin Suppresses Integrin/FAK Signaling and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Cordycepin, also known as 3-deoxyadenosine, is an analogue of adenosine extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine
“Dong Chong Xia Cao”. Cordycepin is an active small molecular weight compound and is implicated in modulating multiple
physiological functions including immune activation, anti-aging and anti-tumor effects. Several studies have indicated that cordycepin
suppresses tumor progression. However, the signaling pathways involved in cordycepin regulating cancer cell motility, invasiveness and
epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remain unclear. In this study, we found that cordycepin inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma
(HCC) cell proliferation and migration/invasion. Treatment of cordycepin results in the increasing expression of epithelial marker, Ecadherin
while no significant effect was found on N-cadherin α-catenin and β-catenin. Furthermore, although the expression of focal
adhesion kinase (FAK) was slightly reduced, the level of phosphorylated FAK was significantly reduced by the treatment of cordycepin.
In addition, cordycepin significantly suppresses the expression of integrin α3, integrin α6 and integrin β1 which are crucial interacting
partners of FAK in regulating the focal adhesion complex. These results suggest cordycepin may contribute to EMT, antimigration/
invasion and growth inhibitory effects of HCC by suppressing E-cadherin and integrin/FAK signaling. Thus, cordycepin is a
potential therapeutic or supplementary agent for preventing HCC tumor progression.
Keywords: Cordycepin, E-cadherin, focal adhesion kinase, hepatocellular carcinoma, integrin.
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