A Transcellular Assay to Assess the P-gp Inhibition in Early Stage of Drug Development
Edgar L. Schuck,
Nancy Y. Wong.
To provide a fast assessment in predicting P-gp-mediated DDI risk during early stage of drug development, a
transcellular P-gp inhibition assay using two concentrations is presented in the present study. The efflux ratios of
loperamide in the presence of forty-five commercial compounds at two concentrations were measured and compared to
that of six concentrations in human P-gp cDNA-expressing LLC-PK1 cells (LLC-MDR1). The inhibition potency
calculated from the change on the efflux ratio (ER) and on the net secretory flux (NSF) of loperamide was investigated.
The P-gp inhibition potency was defined as potent (IC50 < 1 µM), moderate (1 µM < IC50 < 10 µM), or weak (IC50 > 10
µM). The results using 1 µM and 10 µM of inhibitor concentrations provided the best correlation and are most consistent
with those generated from a 6-point approach.
Keywords: Drug-Drug Interaction, IC50, Loperamide, Permeability, P-gp, Transcellular Assay
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