Dimer and Tetramer of Gallic Acid: Facile Synthesis, Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities
In view of the various and promising biological activities of gallic acid, we designed and prepared a series of
poly-phenolic compounds carrying multi-gallic acids residues. These dimer and tetramer of gallic acids were facilely synthesized
by convergent approach. Subsequently, antioxidant activity evaluation was carried out using DPPH assay, and
the resulting polyphenol exerted enhanced activity to gallic acid monomer. Antiproliferative activity evaluation was performed
using MTT assay with three human cancer cell lines (Hela, A549 and MCF-7) and two human normal cell lines
(HEK293 and HUVEC). The cytotoxicity of the dimer and tetramer of gallic acid were higher than that of the monomer
against both cancer and normal cell lines, however the cytotoxicity of the dimer and tetramer against cancer cells was
much fiercer than normal cells, which resulted in better selectivity. Consequently, vanlency effects embodied in both antioxidant
and antiproliferative activities of the obtained multi-gallic acid derivatives.
Keywords: Gallic acid, Polyphenol, Antioxidant activity, Antiproliferative activity, Vanlency effects, Convergent synthesis.
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