Novel Approaches to the Pharmacotherapy of Obesity

Author(s): Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Jens C. Bruning, Heiner K. Berthold.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 19 , Issue 27 , 2013

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Abstract:

Although the obesity epidemic is constantly expanding at very high costs for health care systems, the currently available options for the pharmacotherapy of obesity are very limited. This is not due to lack of interest or research on the subject but rather to the poor efficacy and/or safety profile of the majority of the antiobesity drugs developed up to now. Since the late fifties, various medications were brought to advanced states of clinical development but either never made it to the market or were initially approved only to be withdrawn some years later because of safety issues. However, our understanding of the pathophysiology of obesity has been steadily increasing and new, promising drugs targeting various selected obesity-associated and energy-homeostasis-related pathways are now under development. Nonetheless, obesity remains a disease mainly caused by an excess of caloric intake in relation to energy expenditure and on that basis, its treatment should be a healthy diet and physical activity. When these options alone are not sufficient, then additional pharmacotherapy with an acceptable efficacy and safety profile could provide a useful option.

Keywords: Obesity, antiobesity drugs, weight loss, body mass index.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 27
Year: 2013
Page: [4938 - 4952]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990302
Price: $58

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