The novel isotropic pitch that exhibits both high solvent solubility (100% soluble in THF) and a high softening point (over
200°C) was successfully synthesized by the bromination of 2-methylnaphthalene followed by dehydrobromination/polymerization and
extraction in n-hexane to eliminate lighter constituents. The molecular structure of the pitch was relatively linear with flexible methylene
cross-linkages between naphthalene molecules. During bromination, a reaction temperature of 180°C was necessary to induce bromine
substitution of methyl hydrogen. Methylene cross-linkages were formed after the dehydrobromination reaction. The obtained pitch is a
suitable precursor for electrospinning and meltspinning to prepare carbon nanofibers and carbon fibers, respectively.
Keywords: Pitch, 2-methylnaphthalene, Bromination, Dehydrobromination, Electrospinning, Carbon nanofiber, Meltspinning, Carbon fiber.
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