6-Acetyl-5H-thiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidine Derivatives as the Novel Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Activity

Author(s): Hui Zhi, Can Zhang, Zhixin Cheng, Zhe Jin, Erfang Huang, Shuo Li, Huangquan Lin, David Chicheong Wan, Chun Hu.

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 9 , Issue 5 , 2013

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Abstract:

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are the most frequently prescribed anti-Alzheimer’s drugs. A series of 6-acetyl- 5H-thiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidine derivatives as the novel acetylcholinesterase inhibitors were designed based on virtual screening methods. The target compounds which are not reported in the literature were synthesized with Biginelli reaction and Hantzsch-type condensation of dihydropyrimidines with substituted phenacyl chlorides, and were characterized with elemental analysis, IR, MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. The biological evaluation against human acetylcholinesterase in vitro showed most of the target compounds exhibited varying inhibition at 10 µM using the Ellman method. The results provide a starting point for the development of novel drugs to treat Alzheimer’s disease, and a foundation in search for improved acetylcholinesterase inhibitors with the novel scaffolds. The preliminary structure-activity relationships were the 2-hydroxyethoxy group at the phenyl ring at C4 position of the parent nucleus played significant roles in the AChE inhibitory activity of the target compounds.

Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, 6-Acetyl-5H-thiazolo[3, 2-a]pyrimidine derivatives, Biological activity, Docking screening, Heterocycles, Synthesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2013
Page: [703 - 709]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573406411309050010
Price: $58

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