Current Computer-Aided Drug Design

Subhash C. Basak
Departments of Chemistry, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology University of Minnesota Duluth
Duluth, MN 55811
USA

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Flow Network QSAR for the Prediction of Physicochemical Properties by Mapping an Electrical Resistance Network onto a Chemical Reaction Poset§

Author(s): Ovidiu Ivanciuc, Teodora Ivanciuc, Douglas J. Klein.

Abstract:

Usual quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models are computed from unstructured input data, by using a vector of molecular descriptors for each chemical in the dataset. Another alternative is to consider the structural relationships between the chemical structures, such as molecular similarity, presence of certain substructures, or chemical transformations between compounds. We defined a class of network-QSAR models based on molecular networks induced by a sequence of substitution reactions on a chemical structure that generates a partially ordered set (or poset) oriented graph that may be used to predict various molecular properties with quantitative superstructure-activity relationships (QSSAR). The network-QSAR interpolation models defined on poset graphs, namely average poset, cluster expansion, and spline poset, were tested with success for the prediction of several physicochemical properties for diverse chemicals. We introduce the flow network QSAR, a new poset regression model in which the dataset of chemicals, represented as a reaction poset, is transformed into an oriented network of electrical resistances in which the current flow results in a potential at each node. The molecular property considered in the QSSAR model is represented as the electrical potential, and the value of this potential at a particular node is determined by the electrical resistances assigned to each edge and by a system of batteries. Each node with a known value for the molecular property is attached to a battery that sets the potential on that node to the value of the respective molecular property, and no external battery is attached to nodes from the prediction set, representing chemicals for which the values of the molecular property are not known or are intended to be predicted. The flow network QSAR algorithm determines the values of the molecular property for the prediction set of molecules by applying Ohm’s law and Kirchhoff's current law to the poset network of electrical resistances. Several applications of the flow network QSAR are demonstrated.

Keywords: Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR); network-QSAR; quantitative superstructure-activity relationships (QSSAR); flow network; electrical resistance network; chemical reaction network; partially ordered set (poset); Hasse diagram.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2013
Page: [233 - 240]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573409911309020008
Price: $58