Cardioprotective Peptides from Marine Sources

Author(s): Padraigín A. Harnedy, Richard J. FitzGerald.

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 14 , Issue 3 , 2013

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Abstract:

Elevated blood pressure or hypertension is one of the fastest growing health problems worldwide. Although the etiology of essential hypertension has a genetic component, dietary factors play an important role. With the high costs and adverse side-effects associated with synthetic antihypertensive drugs and the awareness of the link between diet and health there has been increased focus on identification of food components that may contribute to cardiovascular health. In recent years special interest has been paid to the cardioprotective activity of peptides derived from food proteins including marine proteins. These peptides are latent within the sequence of the parent protein and only become active when released by proteolytic digestion during gastrointestinal digestion or through food processing. Current data on antihypertensive activity of marine-derived protein hydrolysates/peptides in animal and human studies is reviewed herein. Furthermore, products containing protein hydrolysates/peptides from marine origin with antihypertensive effects are discussed.

Keywords: ACE inhibitory, antihypertensive, bioactive peptides, human studies, marine organisms, SHR.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [162 - 172]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/13892037113149990036
Price: $58

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