Animal Models of Gastric Bleeding Induced by Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Using Aspirin and Clopidogrel - Prophylactic Effect of Antiulcer Drugs

Author(s): Koji Takeuchi, Chitose Izuhara, Shinichi Takayama, Takumi Momode, Masahiro Kojo, Daisuke Hara, Kikuko Amagase.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 20 , Issue 7 , 2014

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Abstract:

We set up two models of gastric bleeding in rats using low-dose aspirin (ASA) and the antiplatelet drug clopidogrel, a P2Y12 receptor antagonist, and examined the effect of antiulcer drugs on gastric bleeding and ulcerogenic responses under such conditions. Under urethane anesthesia, two catheters were inserted into the rat stomach, one from the esophagus and another through the pylorus via an incision in the duodenum. In the first model, the stomach was perfused with 25 mM ASA dissolved in 50 mM HCl using an infusion pump, and gastric bleeding was measured as the hemoglobin concentration in perfusate collected every 15 min. In the second model, the stomach was perfused with ASA under stimulation of acid secretion by a continuous i.v. infusion of histamine (8 mg/kg/hr). Clopidogrel (30 mg/kg) was given p.o. 24 h before the ASA perfusion, while antiulcer drugs were given i.d. or i.v. 30 min before. Perfusion of the stomach with acidified ASA or ASA under histamine-stimulated acid secretion caused minimal bleeding in the stomach with few lesions. The ulcerogenic and bleeding responses to ASA under these conditions were markedly aggravated by pretreatment with clopidogrel, which by itself provoked neither bleeding nor damage. Antiulcer drugs, such as prostaglandin E2, irsogladine, rebamipide and teprenone, reduced the severity of gastric bleeding and damage in response to ASA plus clopidogrel in the presence of both exogenous and endogenous acid. In contrast, antisecretory drugs such as a proton pump inhibitor and histamine H2 receptor antagonists markedly suppressed the gastric bleeding and lesion responses to ASA plus clopidogrel under histamine-stimulated acid secretion, but had no effect on the responses to acidified ASA plus clopidogrel. These results suggest that clopidogrel increases gastric bleeding induced by ASA and that antiulcer drugs are useful for preventing gastric bleeding caused by the dual antiplatelet therapy.

Keywords: Antiplatelet therapy, gastric bleeding, low-dose aspirin, clopidogrel, antiulcer drug, rat.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2014
Page: [1139 - 1148]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990418
Price: $58

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