Gastrin-Releasing Peptide as a Molecular Target for Inflammatory Diseases: An Update

Author(s): Fabricia Petronilho, Lucineia Gainski Danielski, Rafael Roesler, Gilberto Schwartsmann, Felipe Dal-Pizzol.

Journal Name: Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets (Discontinued)

Volume 12 , Issue 3 , 2013

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Abstract:

Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) is a neuropeptide that acts through G protein coupled receptors and is involved in signal transmission in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Its receptor, gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR), is expressed by various cell types, and it is overexpressed in cancer cells. In recent years, studies have suggested the relationship of GRP and inflammatory diseases. RC-3095, a selective GRPR antagonist, was found to have antiinflammatory properties in models of arthritis, gastritis, uveitis and sepsis. Furthermore, GRP mediates air pollutioninduced airway hyperreactivity and airway inflammation in mice. In conclusion, GRP and its receptor are relevant to the inflammatory response, being a potential therapeutic target several diseases are related to inflammation.

Keywords: Gastrin-releasing peptide, inflammatory disease, RC-3095.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [172 - 177]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1871528111312030003
Price: $58

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