Arteriogenesis as a way to restore blood flow after arterial occlusion has been under investigation for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) for decades. Therapeutic approaches so far have included delivery of cytokines and growth factors as well as mechanical stimulation such as external counterpulsation. As knowledge on the mechanisms of arteriogenesis expanded, new therapeutic approaches have emerged.
This review summarizes recent attempts to stimulate the growth of the coronary vasculature and discusses their potential in clinical application. This article also delivers an overview of current studies and trials on coronary arteriogenesis.
Klinik für Innere Medizin III (Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin), Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany