Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena


Defibrillation in Children: Why a Range in Energy Dosing?

Author(s): Jonathan Egan, Dianne L. Atkins.


Infants and children have historically received a weight-based escalating defibrillation dose, commencing at 2J/kg. Researchers are increasingly suggesting that 2J/kg maybe an ineffective initial defibrillation dose. However without a definitive study there has been hesitancy to modify this initial dose. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation made a recommendation in 2010 of an initial dose of 2–4 J/Kg, increased from 2 J/Kg. The American Heart Association and the European Resuscitation Councils now have different initial dosing recommendations for children. The ERC advocates 4J/kg as the initial dose without escalation for subsequent shocks, while the AHA recommends 2–4 J/Kg, increasing to ≥ 4 J/Kg with subsequent shocks up to adult dose. The difficulty of finding a dose based on robust evidence continues to provide a stimulus for research to better define the best defibrillation energy dose for children.

Keywords: Arrest, defibrillation, child, countershock, resuscitation.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [134 - 138]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1573396311309020006
Price: $58