Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) Agonists as Promising New Medications for Drug Addiction: Preclinical Evidence

Author(s): Bernard Le Foll, Patricia Di Ciano, Leigh V. Panlilio, Steven R. Goldberg, Roberto Ciccocioppo.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 7 , 2013

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Abstract:

This review examines the growing literature on the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in addiction. There are two subtypes of PPAR receptors that have been studied in addiction: PPAR-α and PPAR-γ. The role of each PPAR subtype in common models of addictive behavior, mainly pre-clinical models, is summarized. In particular, studies are reviewed that investigated the effects of PPAR-α agonists on relapse, sensitization, conditioned place preference, withdrawal and drug intake, and effects of PPAR-γ agonists on relapse, withdrawal and drug intake. Finally, studies that investigated the effects of PPAR agonists on neural pathways of addiction are reviewed. Taken together these preclinical data indicate that PPAR agonists are promising new medications for drug addiction treatment.

Keywords: Self-administration, abuse, dependence, stress, nuclear receptors, opioids, nicotine, alcohol, psychostimulants, PPAR.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2013
Page: [768 - 776]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1389450111314070006
Price: $58

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