Method: This article will provide a detailed description of mindfulness, discuss potential mechanisms of action, and review literature that supports the application of mindfulness-based interventions to the treatment of adolescents with SUDs.
Results: Studies support the use of mindfulness in adults with SUDs. Research exploring the use of mindfulness in adolescents is beginning to emerge.
Conclusions: By facilitating the ability to experience and thus tolerate negative emotions, thoughts, and sensations (including urges or cravings), mindfulness fosters the capacity to respond flexibly and adaptively to internal and external triggers for substance use. Because difficulty tolerating negative affects is a neurodevelopmental aspect of adolescence and a factor in vulnerability to SUDs, mindfulness-based treatments may be particularly appropriate for adolescents with SUDs.