Current Analytical Chemistry

Samuel Achilefu
Washington University
St. Louis, MO


Improvised Response in 1,4 Dioxane as Co-solvent During Selective Determination of Cerium (III) in Binary Mixtures by Conductometry

Author(s): Komal Matharu, Ashok Kumar SK and Susheel K Mittal

Affiliation: School of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Thapar University, Patiala, 147004, India.

Graphical Abstract:


The influence of different protic and aprotic solvents on the conductometric titrations of cerium(III) with EDTA has been studied. The results are explained for mixed solvent systems using 1,4-dioxane (DA), acetonitrile (ACN), Dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), N,N’-dimethylformamide (DMF), Tetrahydrofuran (THF) and Methanol (MA) as cosolvents. End points of conductometric titrations improved in presence of 1,4 dioxane as a co-solvent (in comparison to that in aqueous medium) for binary mixtures of Ce(III) with Al(III), Cu(II), Mn(II) and Pb(II), respectively. Composition of co-solvent-solvent medium has been optimized for best conductometric titration results. On the basis of synergic effect of dielectric constant, proton affinity and extent of solvation relative order of co-solvents showing increasing effect has also been proposed. It is now possible to determine Ce(III) in presence of Al(III) without interference in aqueous medium in presence of 20% 1,4 dioxane.

Keywords: Aprotic solvent, Cerium (III), Conductometry, Co-solvent, EDTA, Protic solvent, determination, binary mixture.

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Article Details

Page: [505 - 511]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/15734110113099990013