A successful cyclocondensation reaction using silica gel as a green catalyst and ultrasound as green reaction
medium was carried out. Ten derivatives (I a-j) were synthesized of which eight 2, 2, 4-trisubstituted-2, 3-dihydro-1H-1,
5-benzodiazepine derivatives (I a-h) were prepared from variety of ketones. 2, 4-disubstituted-2, 3-dihydro-1H-1, 5-
benzodiazepine (I-ia) and (I-ib) were obtained by using ethyl acetoacetate, I-ib as a minor product resulted from the enolic
form of ethyl acetoacetate while indicating that the keto form of 1, 3-β-dicarbonyls led to major product formation. Intermolecular
imine-enamine type of cyclization was catalyzed by silica-gel acting as a Lewis acid.
Keywords: 1, 5-Benzodiazepine, Cyclocondensation, One-pot reaction, Silica gel catalyst, Ultrasound, Green catalyst.
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