Computer Based Projects for a Chemistry Curriculum

Indexed in: Scopus

This e-book is a collection of exercises designed for students studying chemistry courses at a high school or undergraduate level. The e-book contains 24 chapters each containing various activities ...
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Bonds and Lone Pairs in Small Molecules: Introduction to Spartan

Pp. 18-27 (10)

Thomas J. Manning and Aurora P. Gramatges


This exercise aims to introduce students to the molecular modeling (Spartan) software. Students will construct and visualize a number of small molecules in two and three dimensions, and calculate and measure some basic geometric parameters such as bond distances and angles with three-dimensional structures.


Chemical bonds, molecular modeling, bond distances, molecular mechanics, molecular orbital theory (MOT).


Department of Chemistry, Valdosta State University Valdosta GA 31698, USA