Methods: 38 articles discussing pharmacological treatment of PD were selected for this review. They were mainly openlabel studies, case-reports and review articles.
Results: We reviewed the studies on anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, gamma amino butyric acid (GABAergic) products, atypical antipsychotics, clonidine, as well as emerging drugs in the treatment of PD such as metabotropic glutamate II agonists, and D-cycloserine.
Conclusion: Although most of the drugs tested were proven effective and well tolerated, the studies on the nonconventional agents are restricted to open-label trials and case reports. Further studies are required to establish their efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of panic disorder.