Current Bioactive Compounds

Adriano Mollica
Department of Pharmacy, University ”G. d' Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara
Via dei Vestini 31
Chieti, 66100
Italy

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Small Molecule 5-HT6R Ligands: A Comprehensive Insight into their Selectivity and Activity

Author(s): Alexandre V. Ivachtchenko, Yan A. Ivanenkov.

Abstract:

In recent years, considerable research efforts have focused on the role of serotonin in various pathological states, as well as on the identification of the respective serotonin receptors involved. Among serotonin receptors, 5-HT6R is the most recently discovered sub-class. Despite the development of multiple selective ligands, the functional role of this receptor has thus far remained elusive. Available in vitro and in vivo evidence indicates that 5-HT6 receptor antagonists can produce promnesic or antiamnesic effects in a variety of contexts, including memory formation, age-related cognitive impairments, and memory deficits associated with conditions such as schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Recent progress in the understanding of the 5-HT6 receptor and its ligands includes a suggested constitutive activity for the receptor, development of a number of multimodal small molecule ligands, and re-classification of many selective antagonists as pseudo-selective compounds. In light of these findings, the observed pharmacological effects produced by 5-HT6R ligands are now properly assigned to a spectrum of related biological targets, rather than to an individual receptor.

Keywords: Serotonin receptors, 5-HT6R ligands, selectivity, depression, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington's disease, obesity

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2013
Page: [64 - 100]
Pages: 37
DOI: 10.2174/1573407211309010007