Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells explains concepts related to technologies for silicon (Si) based photovoltaic applications. Topics in this book focus on ‘new concept’ solar cells. These kinds ...
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Morphological and Structural Properties

Pp. 146-176 (31)

Angelica M. Chiodoni and Elena Tresso

Abstract

The chapter is devoted to the surface and structural characterisations of the materials used in photovoltaic applications for the determination of the topographic/morphological and structural properties.

In the first part of the chapter Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) are illustrated, with particular emphasis on the working principles. In the second part, some examples of application of these techniques to the silicon-based thin films solar cells are described. Recent and important experimental results obtained in these fields are examined and discussed, showing what kind of information they have provided.

Keywords:

Atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), surfaces, interfaces, morphology, structural properties, amorphous thin films, amorphous metals, microcrystalline thin films, crystalline fraction, growth processes, crystallization processes, nanostructures, semiconductors, defects, roughness, texture, crystal size.

Affiliation:

Italian Institute of Technology, Corso Trento 21, 10129, Torino, Italy