Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets

(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders)

Garry X. Shen  
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB
Canada

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Updated Role of Nitric Oxide in Disorders of Erythrocyte Function

Author(s): Marc J. Kahn, Jason H. Maley, George F. Lasker, Philip J. Kadowitz.

Abstract:

Nitric oxide is a potent vasodilator that plays a critical role in disorders of erythrocyte function. Sickle cell disease, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and banked blood preservation are three conditions where nitric oxide is intimately related to dysfunctional erythrocytes. These conditions are accompanied by hemolysis, thrombosis and vasoocclusion. Our understanding of the interaction between nitric oxide, hemoglobin, and the vasculature is constantly evolving, and by defining this role we can better direct trials aimed at improving the treatments of disorders of erythrocyte function. Here we briefly discuss nitric oxide’s interaction with hemoglobin through the hypothesis regarding Snitrosohemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and myoglobin as nitrite reductases. We then review the current understanding of the role of nitric oxide in sickle cell disease, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and banked blood, and discuss therapeutics in development to target nitric oxide in the treatment of some of these disorders.

Keywords: Banked blood, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, nitric oxide, nitrite reductase, sickle cell disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2013
Page: [83 - 87]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1871529X11313010009