Plants have become a unique source for the mankind either as food or medicine. No doubt this relationship initiated
instinctively to satisfy the inner man, while later they noticed the healing potential of plants. This had been the beginning
point of traditional medicines worldwide. Among the ca. 300.000 plant species have been identified on the earth
so far, only a fraction (ca.120.000) has been reported to be used as food or remedy. The remaining part has still waited for
discovery of their beneficial effects on human health. The metabolite composition of the plants has attracted the scientific
community rather than plants itself. However, random screening of plants for potential health benefits without any evidence
is a tedious task. Investigation planning based on the traditional use of plants has become one of the solutions to
overcome this problem. Thenceforth 1985 increasing numbers of scientific field surveys have been conducted throughout
Turkey for the documentation of folkloric utilization of plants against disease symptoms. However, due to the impact of
modernization in society accessibility of reliable information has become problematic day-by-day. Moreover, increasing
number of migrations from rural areas to urban to improve the living conditions makes difficult to find informants in
countryside. In order to rescue this valuable information before complete vanishing, several alternative survey techniques
have been attempted. In this study, reports on Turkish folk medicine which have been conducted so far will be evaluated.
Based on the data obtained, past and present situations will be discussed.
Keywords: Ethnobotany, ethnopharmacognosy, folk medicine, food plants, Turkey
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