Overview of Genomic Insights into Chicken Growth Traits Based on Genome- Wide Association Study and microRNA Regulation

Author(s): Zhenqiang Xu, Qinghua Nie, Xiquan Zhang.

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 14 , Issue 2 , 2013

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Abstract:

Over the two past decades, a significant number of studies have observed animal growth traits to examine animal genetic mechanisms due to their ease of measurement and high heritability. Chicken which has a significant impact on fundamental biology is a major source of protein worldwide, making it an ideal model for examining animal growth trait development. The genetic mechanisms of chicken growth traits have been studied using quantitative trait loci mapping through genome-scan and candidate gene approaches, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), comparative genomic strategies, microRNA (miRNA) regulation of growth development analysis, and epigenomic analysis. This review focuses on chicken GWAS and miRNA regulation of growth traits. Several recently published GWAS reports showed that most genome-wide significant single nucleotide polymorphisms are located on chromosomes 1 and 4 in chickens. Chicken growth, particularly skeletal muscle growth and development, is greatly regulated by miRNA. Using dwarf and normal chickens, let-7b was found to be involved in determining chicken dwarf phenotypes by regulating growth hormone receptor gene expression.

Keywords: Chicken, Genome-wide association study (GWAS), Growth traits, microRNA (miRNA) regulation, Quantitative trait loci (QTL), Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2013
Page: [137 - 146]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389202911314020006
Price: $58

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