Role of Bivalent Cations in Structural Stabilities of New Drug Targets ——Vacciniarelated Kinases (VRK) from Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Author(s): Ting Fu, Hong Ren, Jiajing Zhang, Pengyu Ren, Istvan Enyedy, Guohui Li.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 19 , Issue 12 , 2013

Abstract:

Protein kinases, which play an important role in the regulation of the majority of cellular processes, especially those involved in cellular signal transduction, by catalyzing the phosphorylation of specific proteins, are the attractive targets of drug design in pharmaceuticals industry. Interestingly, up to 10% of proteins in the human kinome termed pseudokinases are predicted to be enzymatically inactive, but are still pivotal in regulating diverse cellular processes and thus may be a potential therapeutic target to a certain extent. To study the underlying molecular mechanisms, molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the role of bivalent cations Mg2+ and Mn2+ in the structural stabilities and dynamical behaviors of vaccinia related kinase 3 (VRK3), which was the first solved crystal structure of the pseudokinase, and that of its closest active relatives VRK1 and VRK2. Toward this end, a series of molecular dynamics simulations have been performed with different divalent cations binding modes in the active site. The simulations suggested that the binding of Mg2+ in the active site played a key structural role in the stabilization of VRK1 and VRK2, and Mn2+ was slightly required for VRK2. By contrast, the pseudokinase VRK3 was well ordered with lower RMSD values indicating it was rigid and very stable regardless of whether the bivalent cations were bound or not during the simulations. The present study provided evidence for the role of bivalent cations in structural stabilities of VRKs and the proposed simulation model reconciled the interpretation of available experimental structural and thermal denaturation assay data. These results gave us further information on the dynamical behaviors of the active site of VRKs and suggested a mechanism of regulation of their structural stabilities, and might provide a starting point for the more detailed follow- up investigation of drug design.

Keywords: Pseudokinases, vaccinia related kinase, bivalent cations, structural stabilities, molecular dynamics simulations, protein kinases, Mn2+, RMSD values, thermal denaturation assay, drug design

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2013
Page: [2269 - 2281]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1381612811319120014
Price: $58

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