Selective Induction of Apoptosis: Promising Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Author(s): Zuojia Liu , Dan Li , Xiliang Zheng , Erkang Wang , Jin Wang .

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 19 , Issue 12 , 2013

Abstract:

Pancreatic cancer is one of lethal and poor prognostic malignancies. Due to the absence of effective detecting methods, quite a number of efforts have been made to improve a survival advantage for treatment in patients with pancreatic cancer. Over the past decade, single-agent gemcitabine and gemcitabine-containing combinations were considered standard first-line therapies for advanced pancreatic cancer. Although these routine uses of chemotherapy failed to significantly improve survival benefit for most therapies, these trials provided insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of pancreatic cancer and therefore opened up new therapeutic avenues. Apoptotic inducer as a therapeutic concept has been widely proposed and experimentally identified in some works. Some reviews have revealed that apoptosis-inducing was a promising therapy in cancers with the least side effects and more effectiveness. Apoptosis is a highly controlled physiological mechanism and proceeds through two major pathways for apoptosis-inducing. Some anticancer drugs kill cancer cells by inducing apoptosis via death receptor pathway; however, other chemotherapeutic drugs trigger apoptosis via mitochondrial pathway. In this review, we summarize briefly current chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer, describe the apoptotic mechanisms, and provide a novel therapeutic strategy by targeting Ras intermediate.

Keywords: Anticancer drug, apoptosis, apoptotic inducer, caspase, chemotherapy, cytotoxity, mitochondria, pancreatic cancer, malignancies, death receptor pathway

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2013
Page: [2259 - 2268]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1381612811319120013
Price: $58

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