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Current Clinical Pharmacology
ISSN (Print): 1574-8847
ISSN (Online): 2212-3938
VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 4
DOI: 10.2174/15748847113089990052      Price:  $58









Amphetamine-Type Medicines: A Review of Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Toxicological Aspects.

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Author(s): Kristianee C. Mariotti, Luciana G. Rossato, Pedro E. Fröehlich and Renata P. Limberger
Pages 350-357 (8)
Abstract:
Amphetamine-like drugs are sympathomimetic agents with marked central and peripheral stimulant properties. Despite the street illegal drugs such as amphetamine and ecstasy, some amphetamine-like compounds are also legally marketed under medical prescription in the treatment of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (methylphenidate) and obesity/overweight (fenproporex and diethylpropione). However, similar with what happens with their illicit analogues, therapeutic amphetamine-like drugs also share important toxicological risks. Although methylphenidate is considered the first choice in the treatment of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, its high popularity among teenagers and children is raising concern in the medical community. Regarding weight-loss purposes, the use of amphetamine-like compounds are very controversial, though. Thus, the present review will address pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and toxicological aspects of amphetamine-like compounds used with therapeutic aims.
Keywords:
Amphetamine, amphepramone, diethylpropione, fenproporex, methylphenidate, stimulants.
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Av. Ipiranga, 2752, Zip code: 90610-000 - Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil.