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Adolescent Psychiatry
ISSN (Print): 2210-6766
ISSN (Online): 2210-6774
VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/2210676611303010004









Child and Adolescent Mental Health in Pakistan

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Author(s): Ayesha Mian
Pages 14-17 (4)
Abstract:
Objective: Child mental health promotion and implementation of research initiatives have been particularly challenging in Low and Middle Income (LAMI) countries. Pakistan is one such country facing challenges in recognition, awareness and promotion of its pediatric mental health needs.

Methods: A review of the literature was done to identify the epidemiology, challenges to recognition and delivery and resources available regarding pediatric mental health disorders. From a few studies that have been done, the mean prevalence of pediatric mental health disorders was found to be15.8%. Behavioral symptoms were found to be the most common cause of referral and ADHD the most common diagnosis. The numerous challenges that developing countries like Pakistan face in the promotion and implementation of child mental health care are discussed and include stigma, illiteracy, lack of adequate statistical data and severe shortage of pediatric psychiatrists.

Results: From a few studies that have been done, the mean prevalence of pediatric mental health disorders was found to be15.8%. Behavioral symptoms were found to be the most common cause of referral and ADHD the most common diagnosis.

Conclusion: Creative ways of implementing and incorporating child mental health services within the existing systems of care are needed in LAMI countries like Pakistan.

Keywords:
Child mental health, Pakistan, mental health services, trends, developing countries
Affiliation:
Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA.