Genetics of Menopause and Menopausal Age
Pp. 20-53 (34)
Menopause marks an upper limit of a female’s reproductive period. It is one of
the key physiological events in female life and has a pronounced effect on postmenopausal
health. Age at natural menopause (ANM) has been associated with many health problems
and therefore attracted much attention in the last two decades. As a complex trait, ANM is
determined by many genetic and environmental factors and their interactions. During last
two decades, large efforts have been made to determine a genetic basis of natural
menopause and its timing, which allowed for identifying a number of candidate genes and
genomic regions. However, the problem is still far from its solution. The systems approach,
which incorporates candidate gene association studies, genome-wide association studies,
linkage analysis, gene expression microarrays and proteomics in a single pipeline, may
open new venues and greatly advance progress in this area.
Age at natural menopause, genetic factors, genome-wide association,
candidate genes, linkage, microarrays, systems approach.
School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Rd., Pokfulam, Hong Kong S.A.R., P.R. China