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Current Neurovascular Research
ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739
VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/1567202611310010003









Safety and Efficacy of Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy in Hereditary Spinocerebellar Ataxia

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Author(s): Jia-Li Jin, Zhuo Liu, Zhen-Juan Lu, De-Ning Guan, Chong Wang, Zhi-Bin Chen, Jun Zhang, Wei-Yun Zhang, Jia-Yong Wu and Yun Xu
Pages 11-20 (10)
Abstract:
Hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a devastating, incurable disease. Stem-cell-based therapies represent new promise for clinical research in neurology. The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility, efficacy, and potential toxicity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) therapy in patients with SCA. Sixteen genomically diagnosed SCA patients were enrolled and received intravenous and intrathecal infusion of UCMSCs. Clinical, laboratory, and radiographic evaluations were conducted to assess the safety of UCMSC therapy. Efficacy was evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) scores. Among the 16 cases, there were no serious transplant-related adverse events happened in 12 months follow-up. The majority of patients showed improved BBS and ICARS scores continuing for at least 6 months which indicated UCMSC therapy could alleviate SCA symptoms. This study suggested that UCMSC transplantation was safe and might delay the progression of SCA. This may represent a new therapeutic strategy for SCA and other genetic neurological diseases.
Keywords:
Berg Balance Scale, Efficacy, International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale, Safety, Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, 321 ZhongShan Road, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, 210008, PR China.